You are Watching Niramala

Thrikkandiyoor Achutha Pisharody

An authority in Astronomy, Sanskrit grammar and Ayurveda, Achutha Pisharody lived between 1550-1621, in the period of Thunjath  Ezuthachan. He was the Preceptor (Guru) of Melpathur Narayana Bhattathirippad (Author of 'Narayaneeyam'). He is remembered chiefly for his part in composition of the great work Narayaneeyam by Melpathur Bhattathiripad. Bhattathiri was one of his disciples who showed his immense loyalty and love for his guru and It is said that he willingly took up his teacher's ailment - rheumatism. Pisharody completely recovered from it but it was found that nothing could cure Bhattathiri of his illness. It was then that Bhattathiri, on the advice of Ezhuhachan, composed Narayaneeyam, on the completion of which he got relieved from rheumatism and restored his healthy self. So, Pisharody triggered the composition of this great work, which went on to become a landmark in the Malayalam literary history. He discovered the technique of 'the reduction of the ecliptic'. He authored Sphutanirnaya, Raasigolasphutaneeti (raasi means zodiac, gola means sphere and neeti roughly means justice), Karanottama (1593) and a four-chapter treatise Uparaga Kriyakarma on lunar and solar eclipses.
His other major works are 'Goladeepika', 'Jathakabharanam', 'Horosarochayam', 'Karanothamam' in astronomy and 'Pravesakam' in on Sanskrit grammer.


Attoor Krishna Pisharody

A great Sanskrit scholar lived between 1867-1964. His most important  work is Sangeeta Chandrika , which gives an exposition of musical theory on a historical basis. It is in the form of sootra-s in Sanskrit, with elaborate commentary in Malayalam. Its  12 chapters deal with nada, sruti, swara, veena, grama moorcchana, mela, tala, varnaalankara, gamakasthayadi, prabandha, raga and geeta. The last chapter contains about 450 geeta-s, one for each raga, with their sahitya forming a continuous narrative on the Ramayana story. Some of his other works are following:  'Keralakadha', 'Puranapurushanmar', 'Neethimala', 'Dheeravratham', 'Vishavaidyasarasamgraham', 'Keralavarmaramayanam', 'Balarathnam', 'Leelathilakam', 'Laghuramayanam', 'Keralacharithram', 'Bhashasahityacharutha', 'Bhashayum Sahityavum', 'Vidyavivekam'.

Cherukadu Govinda Pisharody

Cherukad Govinda Pisharodi, known as 'Cherukad' was a great playwright and novelist, associated with the Communist movement. Some of his important works are 'Jeevithappatha', 'Tharavaditham', 'Manushyabandhangal', 'Namal Onnu', 'Manushya Hridayangal', 'Janma Bhoomi', 'Devalokam', 'Manninte Maril', "Muthassi"., "Sanidasa".  His autobiography "Jeevithappatha" received Kerala Sahithya Academy Award.
Born on August 26, 1914 to Kizheettil Pisharath Karunakara Pisharody & Cherukadu Pisharath Narayani Pisharasiar, he did his primary education from Guru Gopalanezhuthssan. Then did his further studies at Vallappuzha, Elankulam & Perintalmanna Board High school. He also learnt little bit of Ayurveda from Pulamanthole Moossu. He also passed Vidvan Examination and worked in many schools as teacher before joining Pattambi Sanskrit College as Lecturer.
Wife: Late Kizheettil Pisharath Lakshmi Pisharasiar. Expired on 28th October 1976.

 

Dr. (Lt. Col) K.N.Pisharody

He is the founder principal of Calicut Medical college He was also the chairman of Kerala Kalamandalam, President of Thiruvambady Devaswam and Thrissur Kathakali club.
 
Born in 1892 at Irinjalakkuda Kallankara Pisharam, he completed his school studies from Govt High School, Irinjalakkuda. He got his MBBS & MD Degrees from Madras Medical College and MRCP from England and did Military service during the 2nd World War. Wife: Late Kattoor Pisharath Ammini Pisharasiar. Expired on 8th June 1972.
 

Pazhayannoor Rama Pisharody

Pazhayannur Rama Pisharody (1894-1960) was a writer in Malayalam and English, of considerable repute, as well as an untiring philanthropist and social worker. He was also well-known for his activities in the areas of moral education in schools and colleges, and his promotion of spiritual discussions and discourses.
He was born in Pazhayannur Thekkoottu Pisharom, located in Pazhayannur village, Thrissur District,  in Malayalam era 1069, Ashtami Rohini in Chinga masam (1894, August-September). Pazhayannur village is home to the temple about which five famous doubts (Pazhayannur Bhagavathikshethrathepatti anchu samshayangal) are told, and whose deity, Bhagavathi, is the kula devata of Kochi royal family. (A temple dedicated to Pazhayannur Bhagavathi may be found even now, close to Jewish town in Kochi island.)
Rama Pisharody was the only offspring of Vengi Pisharassyar. His father was an Ayyar of great reputation in the community in Pazhayannur. Belonging to a family of limited means, Rama Pisharody’s education was limited to a Diploma in Commerce, on the strength of which he attained the position of Commercial Assistant in various colleges in the then Madras Presidency including Government Victoria College, Palghat, Government Brennen College, Thalassery, and Guruvayoorappan College, Kozhikode. More than this however, Rama Pisharody was a substantially self-made man who between 1925-60, occupied a position in the literary world of Kerala and in the Pisharody community far higher than what his education or official position could have laid claim to. Among the immense variety of activities that he engaged himself in and through which he acquired his reputation and acceptance in Kerala of his period, were those of writer of plays, novels, travelogues and short stories; broadcaster of speeches on All India Radio; traveler; moral educator; and organizer of religious discourses; not to speak of Income Tax and Sales Tax consultancy through which he supplemented his limited income as teacher, to meet the needs of not only his immediate family and relations, but also the considerable philanthropic and social work that he funded out of his own pocket.
Rama Pisharody started his literary career with five plays in Malayalam which do not seem to have received much public attention. But soon he moved on to and found his true genre in writing about the great men of history and religion like Ashoka, Gautama the Buddha, Shankaracharya and Ramanujacharya, in simple Malayalam which could be read by school-children and people of limited education. “Avatara Purushanmar” was a work that brought forth the essence of the incarnations of God in various religions. His book, “Bhoota Daya”, which was published in 1939 under the auspices of the Madras Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, celebrated the compassion for animals demonstrated in the life stories of Turgenev, Tolstoy, Abraham Lincoln, Gautama the Buddha, etc. Another touching book on self-refinement through compassion for animals, titled Karuna, was one of some fifteen books authored by him that were approved by Madras Textbook Committee for school use.
In today’s world of instant access to information and any written matter through Google search, it is difficult to appreciate the educational value of these books to the adolescents of the 1940s and 1950s. His two novels were Pativratharatnam based on the story of Kovilan and Kannagi, and Swarnakumari, an adaptation to the Indian milieu of Sir Walter Scott’s “Quentin Durward”. For many of us who were young boys in the 1950s, his adaptations of Tolstoy’s “How Much Land Does A Man Need?”, “Two Old Men” and other stories were our first exposure to those highest principles of ethics and morality that are common to all humanity. Progressively, Rama Pisharody seems to have moved into the area that was of greatest concern to him – the moral upliftment of human beings.
In the 1930s and 1940s when travel in the Third Class (which was all that he could afford) was a living hell, he travelled along with wife and children in the South and in the North and wrote a travelogue in the format of a diary, called Naveena Bharatham, which gave an exposure of (in those days distant) places like Kashi, Gaya, Patna, Allahabad, and Rameswaram, to Malayalam readers. His articles regarding various places of pilgrimage along with photographs taken by himself, were a regular feature of the Mathrubhoomi Weekly in the 1950s. He also wrote textbooks on Commercial Geography and a series of books on Aadaayanikuthi, Vilpananikuthi, etc. which were considered as valuable reference books for traders and businessmen at that time in Kerala.
In mid-1950s, he organized a series of lectures on the Hindu religion in Guruvayoorappan College, Kozhikode, and edited and published a compendium of the lectures delivered by famous Swamis and Gurus of Ramakrishna Mission, etc.
In the 1950s, he was a regular broadcaster on All India Radio, Kozhikode. In fact his last broadcast essay on “Athishayoktiyum athinte Prathyaghathangalum” was featured on 30th May, 1960, just three days before his death due to heart attack.
Towards the end of his life, he also wrote and published a collection of essays in English on Mahatma Gandhi (whom he called the Second Light of Asia in reference to Sir Edwin Arnold’s poem titled “Light of Asia” about the life of the Buddha), and other subjects as varied as Modern Trends in Education, India in the Post-War World, etc. An essay attempting an explanation of some place-names in Kerala (which attracted a satirical comment from the famous humorist Sanjayan) and another staunchly defending Malabar Temple Entry, as well as articles written in Mathrubhoomi Weekly on various ancient scripts of Southern India, demonstrate the wide variety of his interests.
In 1933, he presented a resolution in the Pisharody samajam conference at Chovvara, earnestly pleading for allowing the so-called “lower castes” to enter and worship in various temples of Kerala. This resolution was passed by a big majority vote.
He was an extremely hardworking man with considerable organizational ability. He is referred to as an uncompromising rebel who called a spade a spade, and exposed cant and hypocrisy, irrespective of consequences to himself; and yet lavish in praise of good conduct, right living and unselfishness whenever and wherever he came across it.
Rama Pisharody was also famous for his charitable work that he did like a Harijan colony with wells and tanks for their exclusive use, and a maternity ward in Pazhayannur government hospital. He was also active in freedom fight activities during 1935-45.
Rama Pisharody married Ammu (Parvathi) Pisharassiar of Attur Pisharam, Wadakkancheri in Thrissur Dt. in 1920, and they had six offspring. Of them, their eldest daughter Amminikutty passed away in 1941, at the age of 19, while studying for MBBS in Madras. This was naturally a great tragedy for Rama Pisharody and his wife, and on his part, he tried to learn to live with this sorrow by getting evermore deeply involved in his philanthropic and other activities.
Rama Pisharody retired from active service in 1955 and passed away at Attur on 2nd June, 1960 at the age of 66.
Ammu Pisharassiar passed away in Delhi in 1974. His only surviving daughter Thankam passed away in Thrissur in 1993. His eldest son Damodaran retired as Member Postal Board in 1983, and passed away in Thrissur in 1996. Another son Viswanathan who retired from the Railways in 1991, passed away in 2006. Raman, another son who was a well-known environmental engineering expert, passed away in 2010. Ramachandran, his youngest and only surviving son(Retired  Chief Engineer from Indian Railways) is active in Hindusthani classical music and  writing on philosophical/spiritual subjects. He lives in Palghat at present.

 

K.P.K.Pisharody

Former editor of the 'Malayala Manorama' daily and the chief editor of the women's magazine 'Vanitha'.
Born in 1914 to Kannanur Pisharath Ittichiri Pisharasiar and Edamana Parameswaran Namboodiri, he done his Sanskrit eduction under the tutelage of Punnasseri Neelakandhan Sharma and joined Malayala Manorama as sub editor in 1933 under Mamman Mappila. He was instrumental in formation of Kerala Pisharody Samajam and was the first President.
Wife: Mudakkari Nandavanath Pisharath Late Ponnamma Pisharasiar. Children: Late Haridas, Nirmala Ramachandran, Ashokan, Narayanan, Sujatha Ramachandran, Lathika, Geetha.
He expired on 1985 April 25.

 

Anayath Krishna Pisharody

It is a historical fact that the famous Sanskrit scholar, Thiruvegappura Anayath Krishna Pisharody was considered as the Guru(teacher) of Manavedan Raja, the then Zamorin Raja of Kozhikode who conceived the classical dance drama Krishnanattam based on his text Krishnageethi. Mahaakavi Ulloor mentioned about this in his Kerala Sahithya Charithram(chapter 33). Manavedan also mentioned about his Guru Anayath Krishna Pisharody in his text Poorvabharatha Champu. A commentary to Poorvabharatha Champu, Krishneeyam, was composed apparently by Anayath Krishna Pisharoty.
 

Panditharathnam Prof. K.P Narayana Pisharody

A well known Sanskrit Scholar, author of many books like 'Bharata Muni's Natyasasthram', 'Srikrishnavilasam Kavyamparibhasha', 'Manideepam', 'Kumarasambhavam Vivarthanam', 'Subhadradhananjayam Koodiyattam', 'Kalyanasougandhikam Vyayogaparibhasha', 'Kalalokam', 'Ashokavanikankam Kootiyattam', 'Thoranayudham Kootiyattam', 'Ascharyachoodamani Vivarthanam', 'Kramadeepikayum Aattaprakaravum', 'Attoor'(Biography), 'Sruthimandalam',  'Svapnavasavadatha Paribhasha', ' Kesaveeyam - Sanskrit Paribhasha', 'Mahathyagi', 'Thunchath Aachryan'(Biography), 'Sreekrishnacharitham Manipravalam Vyakhyanam', 'Narayaneeyam Vanamala Vyakhyanam' etc.
Winner of Prasident's Award(Rashtrapathi Puraskaram) for Sanskrit Scholar (1993), highest Award for Sanskrit, Winner of 'Ezhuthachan Puraskaram''(The highest award constituted by Kerala Goverment for life time contributions to Malayalam language and literature) in 2000. Other awards are:
Sathithyanipunan (1967), Panthithathilankan (1969), Sahithyaratnam (1983) Panditharatnam (1983) C B Kumar Award by Kerala Sahithya Academy(1989), Vidyavichakshanan (1991),Ramasram Award (1991), Adikavi Puraskaram (1992) ,Narayneeya Kulapathi (1993)  Pandithakulapathi (1993), Kerala Sahithya Academy Award (1993), Deviprasadam Award (1993),  Swadesi Shasthrapuraskaram (1994), Kerala Kalamandalam's Mukundarajasmrithi Puraskaram (1995), Srisankara Puraskaram (1995), Kendra Sahithya Academy Award (1995), Panditahasiromani (1997) Vachaspathi (1999) M K K Nair Award (1999), Lal Bahadur Sastri Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeetha's Mahamahopadhyaya (2000), Honorary doctorate from the Sree Sankaracharya University of Sanskrit, Kalady (2001).
He was born on 23rd August 1909 to Kodikkunnath Pisharath Narayanikkutti Pisharasiar and Pudusseri Manackal Pasupathi Namboothiri. He had his initial education in Gurukula Style  under his uncle Andala Sekhara Pisharody. Completed higher studies from Sarasvathodini Sanskrit Mahapathasala and got Sahithyasiromani and Malyalam Vidvan degrees from Madras University. Then started the career as a Teacher in various institutions including Madhura American College, Thrisur Kerala Varma College, Koxzhikkode Adarsa Samskritha Vidyapeetham, Thrisur Chinamaya Mission College.
He was editor of Thulaseedalam and Bhakthapriya Magazines. Wife: Late Arangott Pisharath Pappikkutti Pisharasiar.

 

Prof. P.R.Pisharody

A great Meteorologist of international repute and was widely acknowledged as the one who introduced remote sensing in India. Recipient of Padmasri in 1970 and Gold medal from World Metrological Organization in 1989. He was disciple of Prof C V Raman. Author of  X-Ray, Monsoon and Biography of Dr. C V Raman. He was the founder director of Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, National Physical Research Laboratory-Ahmedabad, National Remote Sensing Agency.
Born on 10th February 1909 to Kollankott Perum Trikkovil Pisharath Lakshmi Pisharasiar and Gopala Vadhyar, he  completed his early education in Kerala. Having done his Physics BA honours from St. Joseph's College, Trichinopoly, Madras state, he went on to do his MA (Physics) from Madras University. He then proceeded to work as a college lecturer in Physics at Chennai during 1932-1941. During the summer vacations he used to work under Prof. C. V. Raman at the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. On being recommended by Raman, Pisharoty joined the India Meteorological Department in 1942. There he carried out research on thunderstorms, western disturbances, movement of monsoon depressions, orographic rain, etc. He then joined the University of California for further studies where he worked under renowned meteorologist Jacob Bjerknes. His published two reports titled Some aspects of geostrophic poleward sensible heat and The kinetic energy of the atmosphere. He obtained his MS (in Meteorology) and PhD degrees by 1954.
 


Mundur Krishnankutty

Well known short story writer. Recipient of 'Cherukad Award' in 1996 for his famous work 'Nilapisuckulla Rathriyil' , 'Sahitya Academy Award' in 1997 for 'Aswasathinte Manthracharadu' and 'Odakkuzhal Award' for 'Enne Veruthe Vittalum'.
Born on 17th July 1935 , son of Mundur Anupurath Pisharath Madhavi Pisharasiar and M P Govinda Pisharody, he secured M A in English Literature and then passed B. Ed. He started writing during his college days and got his works published in all leading malayalam magazines. Widely appreciated for the vivid portrayal of rural life, had penned one novel and innumerable short stories. His stories are renowned for their realistic portrayal of life in Palakkad villages, focusing on the transformational crisis of an agrarian society
For a long period he was a tutor and principal at Teachers Training institute.  Of late, Krishnakutty had acted in many Malayalam TV serials and was appreciated for his performances.
Wife: Karalam Kainila Pisharath Late Radha Pisharasiar. He passed away on 4th June 2005.

 

N N Pisharody

N N Pisharody , born 1926 , was a legendary director in the Malayalam Film industry. He was born into  ‘Kallil’ Pisharam in Methala, near Perumbavoor in Kerala. He completed his schooling in Paravoor and then was graduated in Economics from Serhampur, Bengal. He was an avid reader always and appreciated the nuances of literature. His first short story was published in the weekly 'Prasanna Keralam' from Kottayam when he was studying in high school. Since then, his stories have regularly appeared in many weeklies.

One of his first of his short stories was published in the weekly Prasanna Keralam from Kottayam, when he was studying in high school. From then on, his stories had appeared regularly in many of the weeklies.

The deceased editor of Kaumudi, K Balakrishnan lead him to writing novels; the first one named 'Kure Swapnangal, Kure Vanambadigal' (Lot of dreams, Lot of nightingales) was published in Kaumudi weekly. Later on most of the magazines like Janayugam, Navayugam, Keralashabdam, Chithrapournnami, Express (Weekly), Mathrubhoomi (Weekly) frequently published his novels. During his career, he wrote 17 novels,of which 8 have been printed as books. One of the novels 'Vellam' (Water) has even inspired a movie.

He took a break from writing to try his hand in the film industry where he found a new platform to tell his stories. His long association with film industry lasted 30 years. Starting as an assistant director for Tamil - Telugu movies in Newton Studios, he later distinguished himself as a producer, director and scriptwriter. His directorial debut, 'Ninamaninja Kalpadugal', which portrays the trials the Indo-China war, won 4 awards including the President's Silver medal for best regional film, and the award for 'The Best Director'. He directed about 6 movies and produced 2 movies on his own. He wrote the screen play and directed 4 episodes of 'Aithihyamala' for Doordarshan. He also directed a tele-film titled 'Kudajadri'.

Recently he took up writing again for the Mathrubhoomi weekly - a story titled 'Aandal Puram Pogum Vazhi' (Enroute to Aandal Puram). Shree Books, Aluwa has published this story as a book. He also wrote the screen play for about 40 dramatic plays for Aakashavani Thrissoor. He wrote screenplays for the following too - 'Hiranya Garbham', 'Sarppa Sathram', 'Ivideyo Naalathe Sooryodayam', 'Vishathan Kaavilinnarattu' - each of these plays were meant for various art groups. He died on 30 August 2008.
 

Kalamandalam Vasu Pisharody

A well known Kathakali artist, expertise is in the characters like Nalan ('Pacha') and Bahukan ('Pacha') in 'Nalacharitham', Ravanan ('Kathi') in 'Udbhavam' and 'Bali Vijayam', Keechakan ('Kathi') in 'Keechaka Vadham', Narakasuran ('Kathi') in 'Narakasura Vadham', Brahmanan ('Minukku') in 'Santhanagopalam', and Prasuraman ('Minukku') etc.
Kalamandalam Vasu Pisharody was born on Aug 15, 1943 in Palakkad District. His father was T.P.Rakhava Pisharody and mother was M.P.Lakshmikutti Pisharasyar. His primary education is upto 7th. He learned Kathakali after his 7th in Kerala Kalalayam, Ottapalam under Kalamandalam Balakrishnan Nair for 1 year. Later he joined P.S.V. Natyasangham for 3 years and in Kerala Kalamandalam for 6 years under Padmasree Vazhenkada Kunchu Nair. Has practised also under Ramankutty Nair and Padmanabhan Nair from Kerala Kalamandalam. He continued his education for 2 years there with the Scholarship of Central Govt. He finished his studies in 1969 and worked there as teacher in temporary post till 1979. During that time he worked also in the 'Kalaries' managed by Guruvayoor Kathakali Club as teacher. From 1979 to 1999 he worked as teacher and Head of the Department of Kathakali Vesham, in Kerala Kalamandalam and retired on 1999 March.
Vasu Pisharody is a winner of the prestigious Central Sangeet Natak Akademy award. He has also received Veerashrinkhala from Kongad and Awards from several Kathakali clubs. Kerala Kalamandalam Award in 1998. Fellowship from Central Human Resources Development Ministry. Kerala Sangeet Natak Akademi Award. Kerala Kalamandalam Fellowship. Shri Pattikkamthodi Puraskar - Kerala Kalamandalam. Shri Pattikkamthodi Puraskar - Gandhi Seva Sadan. Olappamanna Devi Puraskar. Kalamandalam Krishnan Kutty Podhuval Puraskar. Kalamandalam Krishnan Nair Kalyanikkuty Amma Puraskar. Puraskar from "Sarggam" Kongad. Has authored a book named "Ranga Naishadahm" on Kathakali. Wife P.Sbhadra
 

Panditharathnam K P Achutha Pisharody

Younger brother of K P Narayana Pisharody, who is 102 years old, is a Sanskrit scholar who has dedicated his life to the teaching of Sanskrit Language. Born to Kodikkunnath Thrikkovil Pisharath Narayanikkutti Pisharasiar and Pudusseri Manackal Pasupathi Namboothiri, he is a disciple of Punnasseri Nambi Neelakanda Sarma.
He started his teaching career in 1939 as a Sanskrit Teacher in Peringottukara School, Thriprayar and after working in half a dozen institutions he retired in 1970 and still continuing to teach Sanskrit. He is the recipient of Devipuraskaram from Samoothiri Raja in 2011 and Vishwa Sankrit Prathishtan has conferred Panditharatnam title on him in 2012. He has also received Deviprasadam Award from OMC Trust(Olappamanna). He is the present Kulapathi of Pisharody Samajam.